Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and unfamiliar terrain, and normally moving at speed. Participants are given a topographical map, usually a specially prepared orienteering map, which they use to find control points.
Originally a training exercise in land navigation for military officers, orienteering has developed many variations. Among these, the oldest and the most popular is foot orienteering. Basically any sport that involves racing against a clock and requires navigation using a map is a type of orienteering.